Cameroon: A Land of Opportunity for Entrepreneurs

Cameroon: A Land of Opportunity for Entrepreneurs

Cameroon is a country with a long and rich economic history, spanning decades of growth, decline, and ultimately resurgence. Today, the country presents a wealth of opportunities for entrepreneurs, offering a supportive business environment, a diverse range of industries, and a government committed to fostering private sector growth.

In this article, we will discuss Cameroon in detail as an economic situation and the challenges that entrepreneurs and investors may face. We will then explain our Mentors 4afrika initiative and its plan to train and support 10 million entrepreneurs in 50 African countries by 2030. We will also delve into the details of our upcoming journey in Cameroon.

If you are interested in starting a journey in entrepreneurship or investing in Cameroon, it is important to carefully focus on this article and the rich details provided.


An overview of the general and economic situation in Cameroon

Cameroon is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, the Republic of the Congo to the southeast, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the southwest.

According to Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data , the current population of Cameroon as of Saturday, March 25, 2023, is approximately 28,344,688, The percentage of female population is 49.98% compared to 50.02% male population.
More than 70% of the population works in agriculture, 15% in industry, and 15% in public services.

The youth segment in Cameroon is a significant and dynamic demographic that has the potential to make tremendous contributions to the country’s socio-economic development, Youth between the ages of 15 and 35 represent about 37% of Cameroon’s population, and this segment of the population is projected to grow rapidly over the next few years.

The official languages are French and English. The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé, Cameroon is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Economic Community of Central African States.


The economy of Cameroon is based on agriculture, oil, and gas. The country is a major producer of cocoa, coffee, and timber. It is also a significant producer of oil and gas, It’s a beautiful country with a rich culture and history, a popular tourist destination, known for its beaches, rainforests, and wildlife.

Population (million)26.526.827.1
GDP (nominal, USD billion)33.233.834.4
GDP (PPP, USD billion)137.2140.0142.8
GDP per capita (nominal, USD)1,2541,2771,299
GDP per capita (PPP, USD)5,1955,3065,418
Unemployment rate3.5%3.4%3.3%
Trade balance (USD million)-2.3-2.4-2.5
Current account balance (USD million)-2.0-2.1-2.2
External debt (USD billion)35.336.036.7
Foreign exchange reserves (USD billion)37.037.838.6
Fiscal deficit3.1%3.0%2.9%
Public debt37.4%38.2%39.0%
Growth rate3.4%3.5%3.6%


Source: statista

The Economic Situation in Cameroon.

The economy of Cameroon is largely based on agriculture, accounting for 70% of the country’s exports. The country is known for its production of cocoa, coffee, bananas, rice, and other crops, and timber. and it is also a significant producer of oil and gas, : Cameroon has reserves of oil and gas, and the government is investing in the development of the country’s energy sector to increase its production


The volume of Cameroon’s exports and imports :


YearValue (in USD Millions)Top 5 Export Items
20214.92Petroleum ($1.93B), Petroleum Gas ($819M), Cocoa Beans ($578M), Sawn Wood ($450M), Gold ($324M)


20225.06Petroleum ($2.00B), Petroleum Gas ($844M), Cocoa Beans ($593M), Sawn Wood ($463M), Gold ($336M)




YearValue (in USD Millions)Top 5 Import Items
20215.62Machinery ($1.27B), Transportation Equipment ($1.04B), Chemicals ($487M), Food ($467M), Electrical Machinery ($409M)
20225.78Machinery ($1.31B), Transportation Equipment ($1.07B), Chemicals ($500M), Food ($479M), Electrical Machinery ($421M)

As you can see, Cameroon’s top exports are petroleum, petroleum gas, cocoa beans, sawn wood, and gold, Its top imports are machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals, food, and electrical machinery. The country’s main trading partners are the European Union, China, and the United States.

The importance of focusing on these data lies in understanding the direction of investment and demand in Cameroon, Another important sector is manufacturing, where Cameroon’s industry is small but expanding, encompassing a wide range of products including food and beverages, textiles, chemicals, and machinery. Additionally, the sector involves processing agricultural products such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber.

Despite facing challenges such as insufficient infrastructure and limited access to financing, Cameroon’s manufacturing industry has demonstrated promising growth in recent years, and holds potential for substantial contributions to the country’s economic development, In recent years, the Cameroonian economy has experienced positive growth. In 2021, the country’s GDP grew by 3.6%, and it is targeted to reach 4.6 % in 2022/2023

the growth is being driven by a number of factors, including:

  • A young and growing population: Cameroon has a population of over 27 million people, and the population is growing rapidly. Youth between the ages of 15 and 35 represent about 37% of Cameroon’s population The young population is a source of labor and innovation, and it is helping to drive economic growth.


  • A diverse economy: Cameroon has a diverse economy, with a number of different sectors contributing to growth. The main sectors of the economy are agriculture, oil and gas, manufacturing, and tourism.


  • A favorable business environment: Cameroon has a favorable business environment, with a number of factors that make it attractive to investors, like a stable political environment, a relatively low tax rate, a skilled workforce
    The country’s entrepreneurial landscape is also growing


Government support for entrepreneurs

The government of Cameroon is also supportive of entrepreneurs. There are a number of government programs and initiatives that are designed to support entrepreneurs. These programs and initiatives include:

  1. Business incubators and accelerators: There are a number of business incubators and accelerators in Cameroon that provide support to entrepreneurs. These programs provide entrepreneurs with access to resources, mentorship, and networking opportunities.
  2. Government grants and loans: The government of Cameroon offers a number of grants and loans to entrepreneurs. These grants and loans can help entrepreneurs to start and grow their businesses.
  3. Tax breaks and incentives: The government of Cameroon offers a number of tax breaks and incentives to entrepreneurs. These tax breaks and incentives can help entrepreneurs to save money and grow their businesses.

Despite the support of the government and the growth of the entrepreneurial landscape, there are still a number of challenges that entrepreneurs face in Cameroon.


Source: researchgate


Challenges Facing the Cameroonian Economy.

Despite the support of the government and the growth of the entrepreneurial landscape, there are still a number of challenges that entrepreneurs face in Cameroon like:

  1. A lack of infrastructure: Cameroon has a lack of infrastructure, which can make it difficult to start and operate a business. The country’s roads, railways, and airports are in need of repair, and the electricity supply is unreliable.
  2. A lack of access to finance: Cameroonian entrepreneurs often have difficulty accessing finance. The country’s banking system is weak, and the interest rates are high.
  3. Corruption: Corruption is also a major problem in Cameroon. The country ranks 142 out of 180 countries on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. Corruption has a negative impact on the economy, as it discourages investment and leads to inefficiency.
  4. poverty: The country has high levels of poverty, with Poverty rate: 40.1% (2023)


Source: transparency

The Cameroonian government is aware of the challenges facing the country and is taking steps to address them.

The government has developed a number of economic policies aimed at reducing poverty, inequality, and corruption. These policies include investing in infrastructure, promoting economic diversification, and strengthening governance.


The success of these policies will depend on a number of factors, including the level of international support, the commitment of the government, and the cooperation of the private sector. However, if these policies are successful, they could help to transform Cameroon’s economy and improve the lives of its people.

Entrepreneurship scene in Cameroon

Entrepreneurship in Cameroon is growing, with a number of startups and small businesses emerging in recent years.

Since 2010, the number of companies established in Cameroon has been rising every year (over 80% are SMEs), For instance, the national institute for statistics recently revealed that in 2019, there ere 209,482 companies in the country

The government has been supportive of entrepreneurship, providing grants and other forms of assistance to entrepreneurs:

  • According to the Cameroonian Ministry of Commerce, there are over 100,000 registered businesses in Cameroon.
  • The World Bank estimates that there are over 2 million informal businesses in Cameroon.
  • The Cameroonian government has set a goal of creating 1 million new jobs by 2035, and it believes that entrepreneurship will play a key role in achieving this goal.

The startup ecosystem in Cameroon is still in its early stages, but it is growing rapidly. The country has a number of factors that are conducive to entrepreneurship, such as a young and growing population, a large pool of skilled workers, and a growing middle class. The government’s support for entrepreneurship is also helping to create a more favorable environment for startups.

The most common types of businesses in Cameroon are small, family-owned businesses. These businesses typically operate in the retail, agriculture, and manufacturing sectors. There are also a number of startups that are active in the technology sector, such as e-commerce platforms and mobile apps.

The entrepreneurship scene in Cameroon is facing a number of challenges, such as access to finance, markets, and talent. However, the government and the private sector are working to address these challenges, and they are committed to supporting the growth of entrepreneurship in Cameroon.

Here are some of the challenges that entrepreneurs in Cameroon face:

  • Access to finance: It can be difficult for entrepreneurs in Cameroon to get loans from banks. This is because banks are often reluctant to lend to small businesses, which they see as being more risky.
  • Access to markets: It can also be difficult for entrepreneurs in Cameroon to find customers. This is because the country has a large informal economy, which makes it difficult for businesses to reach consumers.
  • Access to talent: There is a shortage of skilled workers in Cameroon. This is because the country’s education system is not producing enough graduates with the skills that businesses need.

Despite these challenges, the entrepreneurship scene in Cameroon is growing. There are a number of reasons for this, including:

  • The government’s support for entrepreneurship: The government has been supportive of entrepreneurship, providing grants and other forms of assistance to entrepreneurs.
  • The growth of the tech sector: The tech sector is growing rapidly in Cameroon, and this is creating new opportunities for entrepreneurs.
  • The rise of entrepreneurship education: There are a number of organizations that are providing entrepreneurship education in Cameroon. This is helping to raise awareness of entrepreneurship and to train the next generation of entrepreneurs.

The entrepreneurship scene in Cameroon is still in its early stages, but it has the potential to grow rapidly in the coming years. With the support of the government and the private sector, Cameroon could become a hub for entrepreneurship in Africa.


Mentors 4Africa program supporting entrepreneurship in Cameroon

In Mentors 4 Africa’s plan to train and support 10 million entrepreneurs in 50 African countries by 2030, we are pleased to announce our next stop in Cameroon with a specialized diploma to support entrepreneurs in the country.

Before that, here’s a glimpse of the numbers from our first round in Zambia.


Entrepreneurship Diploma Program in Cameroon:

Are you a young Cameroonian who dreams of starting your own successful business? Look no further than the Entrepreneurship Diploma Program!  this program offers students the opportunity to gain the skills and knowledge they need to launch and grow a thriving business, The curriculum covers everything from business planning and marketing to finance and entrepreneurship law, Students will also have the chance to network with successful entrepreneurs and learn about the latest trends in entrepreneurship, including the use of technology to drive growth.

Tailored to Meet Your Needs:

The Entrepreneurship Diploma Program has been designed to address the unique challenges facing young entrepreneurs in Cameroon, We understand that access to finance and markets can be difficult, which is why our curriculum has been specifically tailored to meet your needs. Whether you’re interested in building a local business or reaching a global audience, this program can help you achieve your goals.

By enrolling in the Entrepreneurship Diploma Program, you will gain the following benefits:

Skills and knowledge for starting and growing successful businesses

  • Insight into the challenges faced by young entrepreneurs in Cameroon
  • Networking opportunities with successful entrepreneurs
  • Exposure to the latest entrepreneurship trends


The “Company of One” Model:

In addition to the Entrepreneurship Diploma Program, we also teach the “Company of One” model, This approach emphasizes building and growing a profitable business without necessarily seeking to always scale the business to be bigger or hire more employees

It highlights the importance of staying small and maintaining control over the business, while still generating a sustainable income, This business model often relies on technological tools and platforms to allow for efficient management and productivity, while also focusing on providing high-quality products or services to a niche audience.

If you are a young Cameroonian interested in pursuing entrepreneurship, we encourage you to apply for this valuable program to achieve your goals.


In Conclusion

Cameroon presents a wealth of opportunities for entrepreneurs, with a diverse range of industries, favorable natural resources, and a government committed to fostering private sector growth. While there are still challenges to be addressed, the country’s economic trajectory is positive, with steady growth and increasing interest from foreign investors. For entrepreneurs looking for new markets and opportunities, Cameroon is certainly a country to watch.

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